Sunday, February 24, 2013

Fundamentals of general therapy animals

Fundamentals of general therapy animals
Fundamentals of general therapy animals

General therapy includes rules and treatments designed to eliminate the causal factors of disease, normalization of metabolism, renewal of the functions of individual organs and systems, productive and reproductive traits of animals.Private therapy combines treatments for specific diseases.Modern therapy based on principles fiziolohichnosti, activity, integrated and cost-effectiveness.
Principle fiziolohichnosti treatment provided primarily creating optimal conditions of feeding and maintenance, the use of diet, use of funds, regulating neurotrophic functions and normalize metabolism.It is necessary that the funds used to treat not suppressed and stimulated and regulated protective physiological response.The principle of active treatment implemented radical elimination of etiological factors, the use of the most efficient tools and treatments. Active therapy is useful only if it is based on the mobilization of the physiological mechanisms by which the body is protected from malicious agents.The principle involves the use of adjuvant therapy based treatment regimens using the methods and means to eliminate external and internal causes of disease, the creation of optimal conditions and feeding animals using causal, pathogenetic, stimulating and other types of therapy.The principle of economic feasibility based on the fact that ultimately treatment of farm animals must be economically justified.
Fundamentals of general therapy animals

Diet therapy

the use of fodder for therapeutic purposes. By varying the quality and quantity of forage in the diet can alter metabolism, and hence control of physiological processes in the body.
Adult ruminants dietary foods are good hay grasses, hay cutting, barley, oats, corn middlings, fodder roots, carrots, mash of bran, green forage, concentrates on cereals.
For young ruminants in milk during dietary foods are dairy products: acidophilus milk, boiled linseed, rice-water, oatmeal pudding, yogurt, mare's milk, yogurt, etc. In the older age prescribed mash of bran, barley and oat middlings, melkostebelchatoe hay, milk, fresh whey. For sheep and goats using hay, green forage, concentrates, for horses - a nice soft hay, oats, bran mash with, for pigs - mash of boiled potatoes, concentrates, grass meal, green food, and dog fur animals - fresh ground meat, cheese, liver, broth, soups, jelly, cereals, cheese, milk, grated apples, for birds - oatmeal or millet porridge, cheese, yogurt, boiled eggs, buttermilk, parsley.A diet enriched with vitamins, amino acids, macro-and microelements, enzymes, etc. For better eating feed and digestibility of nutrients resort to germination, roasting, mixing with warm water, osalazhivaniyu, drizhdzhuvannya and other methods of training.

Causal therapy

a method of applying therapeutic agents aimed at eliminating or weakening of the reasons that caused the disease, destruction of infectious or parasitic diseases, pathogenic, and other putrefactive microflora.By causal therapy include: antibacterial, anthelmintic remedies specific hyperimmune serum, bacteriophages and other drugs.

Pathogenetic therapy

treatment aimed at restoring impaired functions of various organs and systems.Purposeful action on pathogenesis accompanied by weakening or eliminating the impact of etiologic factors. This is achieved by using diet, symptomatic or replacement therapy.To immunosuppressive therapy include: natural or artificial radiation, water treatment, warming packs, massage, electro, annoying money, drugs that stimulate the function of organs and tissues (expectorant, laxative, diuretic, cholagogue, cordial, etc.). To immunosuppressive therapy are some therapeutic techniques (gastric lavage, enemas, piercing scar and books, bladder catheterization, phlebotomy, etc.).Of the group of nonspecific stimulant therapy in veterinary practice widely used serotherapy, hematherapy, lizatoterapiyu, poly-and gamma-hlobulinoterapiyu, tissue therapy.
Fundamentals of general therapy animals

Symptomatic therapy

treatment aimed at eliminating or weakening of adverse symptoms. As an independent method is not applicable, as the removal of any symptom (eg, cough, pain, diarrhea) is not an indicator of recovery. This method is used primarily in conjunction with pathogenetic therapy.By means of symptomatic therapy include: fever, sedatives, neuroleptics, astringent, analgesic, heart and other drugs.Although symptomatic agents do not eliminate the cause of the disease, they improve the patient's condition, restore organ function, provide faster recovery animals.

vidshkoduvalnym therapy

a method aims at filling the missing ingredient in the body to its normal functioning. It is prescribed for deficiency in the animal vitamins, enzymes, hormones, essential amino acids, macro-and micronutrients and other substances and fluids (blood, saline, gastric juice, hydrochloric acid, etc.). Under the influence of therapy vidshkoduvalniy metabolism, restored the function of individual organs and systems, recovery occurs animals.Therapy regulating neurotrophic function involves the use of drugs to eliminate the pathological process by affecting the nervous system. In veterinary practice method conventionally divided in two lines of action: preferential effects on the central nervous system (CNS) and the autonomic nervous system.
Fundamentals of general therapy animals
Pharmacological agents that act on the central nervous system, used for lesions of the brain and spinal cord. When meningitis and encephalitis used hypnotics and sedatives, with nervousness and stress - bromides, neyroplehichni and sedative drugs (chlorpromazine, stressnil, propazyn).To regulate the functions of the autonomic nervous system in internal diseases shown novocaine blockade: stellate sympathetic nodes - with pneumonia; sympathetic trunks - acute gastro-intestinal diseases; perirenal novocaine blockade - for flatulence intestine in horses.
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