Friday, March 1, 2013

General measures to prevent domestic non-communicable diseases

General measures to prevent domestic non-communicable diseases
General measures to prevent domestic non-communicable diseases

The basis of prevention of domestic non-communicable diseases are a full feeding, optimal indoor climate, systematic exercise, rational use of chemical and microbiological synthesis, timely monitoring of metabolism and animal health.
Nutritious feeding involves a diet that would ensure the animals in need of energy, major nutrients and biologically active substances.
Many diseases associated with insufficient or excess energy, protein, mineral and vitamin nutrition. The higher productivity of animals, the greater should be the concentration of energy per 1 kg of dry matter intake. Lack of power supply leads to poor absorption of food substances, reproductive disorders, development of malnutrition, reducing the natural resistance of the organism. To eliminate energy deficit in the diets of animals injected cereal concentrates, roots, potatoes, fats of animal and vegetable origin.
Excessive energy food leads to obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and other pathologies.With a lack or excess of protein or amino acid composition of inferiority by declining productivity and reproductive function, disturbed metabolism and osteodystrophy develops dystrophy, reduced milk yield (hypogalactition) appear immune disorders, reduced natural resistance, is born defective offspring, increasing incidence ( diarrhea, pneumonia, gastritis, etc.) animals.Eliminate protein deficiency by typing in rations vysokoproteynovyh forage: grain legumes, meal, feed, hay legumes, meat, meat-and-bone or fish meal.

General measures to prevent domestic non-communicable diseases

Lack of protein in diets eliminated to some extent by the inclusion of fodder yeast concentrate nitrogen-phosphorus feed (ROS), concentrate feed CS-3 supplements "Belotin" feed additives from waste raw hides.Excess protein in the diet leads to digestive disorders and metabolic degeneration of endocrine organs, liver, kidneys, heart, ketosis, obesity, urine acid diathesis, etc. In excess protein most susceptible ruminants, as most of the protein in the rumen is broken down to form ammonia, an excess of which enters the bloodstream and has toxic effects on the function of the major organs and systems.
With a lack of macro-and micronutrients disturbed metabolism appear osteodystrophy, rickets, endemic goiter, hipokobaltoz, anemia and many other diseases.As a drawback, and excess minerals affects the body of the animal.
In the diet should contain the necessary amount of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur, sodium, potassium, iron, cobalt, iodine, zinc and other trace elements. With a lack of them added to the hay, concentrates, hay, etc. Minerals added in feed premixes.
The need for animals in minerals depends on many factors, primarily on the relationship between the individual elements of the exchange, levels of absorption and excretion, the ability to accumulate in the body, their chemical nature.Vitamins are essential for maintaining normal functioning of the body, growth of animals, high performance and reproductive function. The lack of even a single vitamin in the diet causes functional disturbances in metabolism.
For ruminants normalized: carotene, vitamins A, D, E. For vitamin food rationing pigs are the most important vitamins A, D, E, water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B3, B4, B5 and B12. Lack of B vitamins in the diet eliminate inclusion of feed of animal origin (milk, whey, skimmed, buttermilk, fish, meat and bone meal and grass, meat, yeast propyonovo-atsedofilnoe bulonnoy culture - PABA, etc. etc.).
Animal health is largely dependent on the quality of feed and water control which relies on veterinary specialists.Disease prevention is ensured optimal microclimate in the premises where the animal, consisting of temperature, humidity, air velocity, dust, noise production, gas composition of air, light, microorganisms, and so forth It is known that the performance of the animals by 20% determined optimal microclimate. In flagrant violation of the microclimate in these areas, especially in early spring and late autumn, increased morbidity and mortality of young, emerging widespread gastrointestinal and pulmonary diseases.
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