Wednesday, November 21, 2012

veterinary online-Research Respiratory animals

Research Respiratory animals
Research Respiratory animals

Respiratory diseases are widespread among animals, especially young animals. In their study primarily set respiratory rate for 1 min, type, rhythm and symmetry, presence or absence of wheezing and coughing. At rest in adult animals breathing frequency for 1 min is: cattle 12 - 30, a horse 8 - 16, in sheep and goats 16 - 30, in pigs 15 - 20 in dogs 14 - 24, cat 20 -30.
respiratory system

Rapid breathing observed in many diseases involving abnormal gas exchange (edema, inflammation and emphysema, rhinitis and bronchitis, anemia, cardiovascular disease, etc.)In most animals (except dogs) chest and abdominal wall take equal part in the respiratory movements (hrudobryushnoy breathing). 
frequent manifestation of disorders of the respiratory rhythm is shortness of breath. There vdyhatelnye, vydyhatelnyh and mixed breathlessness.
Respiratory animals
In the study of the upper respiratory tract determine the nature of nasal leakage, examine the nasal cavity and paranasal nasal cavity, larynx and trachea. In clinical practice, usually carried out inspection and palpation of the chest, percussion and auscultation of the lungs. An important indicator of a pathological condition is a cough the respiratory system. If cough determine its nature, frequency, strength, duration and soreness. Chronic bronchitis is often accompanied by bouts of painful cough that lasts several minutes. Palpation of the chest verify the integrity of edges, the degree of pain and chest pain localization of foci.
When the lungs are used comparative percussion. Topographic percussion conducted to determine the posterior border of the lungs.
Auscultation of the lungs allows you to compare the character of respiratory sounds (rales, splash, friction noise, etc.) Rattling different character appearing in bronchitis, pneumonia, pulmonary edema and congestion. Murmurs occur when inflammation of the pleura with fibrin deposits on it, education connective tissue scarring, adhesive processes.
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