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Sunday, December 1, 2013
Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster part 3

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster part 3

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster
Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster, births and feeding of offspring Roborovski hamster

Birth last 2-3 hours. From this point you can not disturb the family: move B, to touch the animals, do the cleaning. Before or immediately after the birth of male babies must be separated from the females and children wall with vertical narrow bars, lest there be a new pairing between parents, so new mothers suckle prevent pregnancy conceived offspring deplete her body and deprive milk brood. Such a lattice allow males and females to chat and do not forget each other. Newborns are born helpless, blind, hairless, weighing approximately 1 g, 1.3 cm in length and need constant mothering. The norm is when the mother settles nest collects lost children, leaves no long brood. Deviations from the norm should be cause for concern. Should always observe the family, especially in the early days. Otbivshegosya all recommended baby discreetly put it into the slot to the other newborns, clean hands, medical tweezers or a spoon. Were born homyachata, vociferous, this sound like a squeaking chicks. In 6 days newborns covered light guns and can somehow move. At the age of 9-10 days homyachata well oriented in their home, run, take extra food to the mother's milk. Mother begins itself to bring food to kids, and if not, you can put the food closer to the jack or directly into the socket. The first feeding is recommended to give a loaf soaked in infant formula, grated carrot, lettuce, clover, grass, oats, soaked in boiling water buckwheat or millet. With herbs carefully, in small quantities and washed. At 12-13 days the eyes open, hair becomes thick. Kids in this period is very nimble and agile, resemble miniature copies of the adults. The diet can gradually introduce fish and chicken (no salt), egg, cheese, apple, zucchini, sprouted wheat. The three and a half weeks homyachata noticeably grow and become independent from their parents. Weaned from the mother in 23 days. By gender seated in 1.5 months.

Sexing

Based on the anal-genital distance. In females, around, and males away from each other. Easier to identify by comparing hamster. Or to put hamsters in a clear container and look at them from the bottom up.

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster, births and feeding of offspring Roborovski hamster
Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster part 2

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster part 2

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster
Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster, pair of choice Roborovski hamster

Selected for breeding healthy, well-fed, with a strong nervous system hamsters. It is desirable to form a pair in childhood, young animals quickly get used to each other. In the case where the chosen are adults, need to give them time to get used gradually. To put this in a terrarium with vertical baffle rods, which would allow the animals to see close and sniffs, but protected the least of possible conflicts. A week later, the grille can be removed.

Roborovski hamster mating 

Formed couple (male and female) are left in a cage for cohabitation and expectations offspring. Cycle of ovulation in females 8 days. Mating takes place on the day of ovulation. If the female offspring has been, then it is given rest after giving birth 2 months only after the rest it can again be reduced to the male. That is to remove the lattice between them to the following genera or until, as will be seen that the female pregnant.

pregnancy of Roborovski hamster

The gestation period of 24 days on average. Abdomen in female first pregnancy is not visible, so you must be careful not to disturb quietly born when doing the cleaning. Feeding the expectant mother should be balanced and nutritious, with a sufficient amount of protein, minerals and vitamins. See Food. During pregnancy and breastfeeding offspring samochki can bite (not hurt, they are too small). In the terrarium as bedding uses large sawdust. Must be one or two spacious cabins (without a bottom is more convenient), as Roborovskiy love all sorts of cover, and the female-mother sometimes carries homyachat from one to another.

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster, pair of choice Roborovski hamster
Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster part 1

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster part 1

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster
Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster, physiology of Roborovski hamster

Roborovski hamster breed is not easy, they are not as prolific as, for example, Campbell or Syrian. In addition, litter size is usually quite small, rarely 3-5 6 cubs. These facts can make Roborovskiy less attractive to breeders doing business. Roborovski Hamster This explains why little pet stores sell them. Breeder engaged Roborovski hamster professionally, doing it for the preservation of the species. 
Roborovski Hamster of both sexes - are lovely and caring parents. If no birth control, a couple can produce children every 3-5 weeks. desirable restrain couple, avoiding frequent pregnancy as it adversely affects the health of the parents and to introduce high child mortality. Some breeders believe that Roborovskiy breed at certain times of the year - in the spring and summer. Although opinions differ here ... Most likely, they react to climate, increased daylight and temperature. Considered an important factor in terms of content, close to the wild. Roborovskiy need shelter, where you can hide from view, just so they feel more confident. Roborovskiy not like being disturbed and often touching

physiology of Roborovski hamster

Adult size 4-5 cm
cycle ovulation in females 8 days 
gestation period of 24 days 
Number of pups in a litter of children 3-5 (rarely 6) 
Lifespan 2-3 years

Roborovski hamster, Breeding Roborovski hamster, physiology of Roborovski hamster
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf part 3

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf part 3

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, The number of Aardwolf

Ground wolf - carnivore, but unlike the closely related species of hyenas, he - insectivorous. His typical diet - termites (Trinervi), insect larvae, and occasionally eggs of birds nesting on the ground. Protel periodically produces small mammals and birds. Due to the narrow specialization and food needs in a particular food, ground wolves found in regions where there are termites family Hodotermitidae. Termites of this family, in turn, depend on the distribution of some species of grasses and therefore their most populated some fields and savannahs, including farmland. Studies have shown that "addiction" earth wolf to arid regions has its reasons. This kind of specialized in nutrition not just termites, which are on the scale of Africa, there are about 150 species, and only a certain kind of termite nosed Trinervitermes, who live exclusively in the dry areas of the African tropics and subtropics. These termites live in organized family "states", feed pulp , built of clay (and numerous other species of termites in Africa) evolved elevated hills jacks ("termite"). But in contrast to most other types of these termites feed on wood and do not move in the tunnels due to dietary habits. Nosed termites Trinervitermes harvest grass under the open sky, regularly travels along the surface of the earth. In winter, when this kind of little termites active aardwolf switched to another type of termites that are active late dnem.U Protel no powerful claws or forepaws like anteaters, so he can not break into termite mounds, but it has a long and sticky tongue, which it is used to extract termites. This method allows him to eat at the same time a large number of termites. Average per night aardwolf can eat 200-300 thousand termites. This predator tries to memorize the location of termite mounds, which often returns to rid themselves of the need to find new ones. Lack of excavation wolves strong teeth and jaws, typical hyenas - an adaptation to their diet as insectivorous animals. Wolves are often close to carrion, but they do not eat it, but instead they eat grubs and other insects (and their larvae) that surround the dead animals.

The number of Aardwolf

Natives traditionally hunt wolves on earth for their meat and fur. This species is rare everywhere, but not among endangered. Observing them difficult nocturnal and total secrecy of the animal. The main threat to him are dog attacks, traffic accidents and poisoning by toxic substances used against insect pests. Earthmoving wolves play an important role in controlling populations of termites. In the list of the International Red Book aardwolf has the status of Lower Risk: Least Concern.

Aardwolf and man

Some people prey on earth wolf because of its fur, which is considered valuable, sometimes they are hunted and as a source of supply. Farmers consider these wolves useful and harmless animals.

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, The number of Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf 
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, The number of Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf 
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, The number of Aardwolf

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf 
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, The number of Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf 
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, The number of Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf 
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, The number of Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf part 2

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf part 2

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, Lifestyle Aardwolf

Earth moving wolves form monogamous pairs. However, if the male is unable to defend its territory, the female mates with other, more dominant male, although the offspring later protects her regular partner. Estrus in females occurs in late June - early July (Northern Cape). Mating lasts up to 4 hours, females remain receptive from 1 to 3 days - so the puppies can be mixed paternity. If fertilization does not occur, the female re-enters estrus. Gestation lasts about 90 days, the female bears 2-4 pups (although in zoos observed litters of 1-5 puppies). In South Africa, the puppies are born from October to December, in the warmer northern areas (Botswana, Zimbabwe) during the breeding season is less pronounced Puppies for 3-4 weeks remain in the den, lair change about 1 time per month. Offspring of both parents involved. For 3 months male protects the territory from predators and about 6:00 at night guarding the den, while the female feeds. During the life of the female, whose lair guarded by males, with an average of 1.5 brought pup a year, which is 3 times more than single females. Up to 9 weeks puppies are not removed for more than 30 m from the den. 12-week-old puppies start to accompany parents on feeding, but still does not remove more than 300-500 m from the den. By 4 months of dairy feeding stops and goes to the young independent feeding, however, remains with the parents until the next breeding season, that is for 1 year. By 2 years of excavation young wolves reach sexual maturity. Captive lifespan - 13-15 years in nature is not precisely known, presumably about 10 years. The main predators are wolves black & brown earth jackals who were killed as puppies and adults. They also hunt lions, leopards and hyenas large.

Lifestyle Aardwolf

Protel mainly inhabit open, grassy savannas and open barren plains. This inhabitant of Fynbos - Mediterranean biome localized to the southwest corner of South Africa, on the latitude 20 ° to 33 ° S. and from 17 ° to 32 ° east longitude. Here cold and wet winters and hot and dry summer. The vegetation cover is poor, but most of these plants anywhere in the world no longer occurs. Scenery District Fynbos - fields, plains, rocky areas, semi-desert, savannah and hills. Aardwolf, aardvark, termites, hyenas, lions, and several species of reptiles and amphibians - are some of the animals that live there. Earthmoving wolves during the day resting in underground burrows. They usually use old holes anteaters and porcupines, despite the fact that they themselves can dig their own shelter. They often choose burrows anteaters, because they are located close to an abundance of termites, because anteater eats them too. We have two Protel paraanalnye odorous glands that secrete musk liquid used for marking territory and maintain communication with neighbors. When the wolf attacked by wild dog, leopard, predator or another person, he immediately picks up the ridge on the back, visually increasing in size, while it may roar to scare off an attacker. It also takes a transverse position to the enemy and emits a strong unpleasant odor from the anal glands. This protection is almost as effective as a skunk spray solution. Often earth wolf can be seen in pairs or small groups. This solitary animal, except during lifting youth. Several females with calves may occupy the hole, forming small groups in which young people grow together. In this species, there is no permanent groups because of their peculiar diet. Since excavation wolves eat termites, they do not need any help in the hunt. Protel does not migrate from its territory, an area which may be 1-4 km in diameter. He marks his territory musky fluid from its anal glands, placing secret on the leaves of grasses. Marking territory engaged in both sexes, although the males do it more often.
 to be continue Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, Lifestyle Aardwolf
Saturday, November 30, 2013
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf part 1

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf part 1

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf
Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, History of studying Aardwolf

Earth wolf (Latin Proteles cristatus) - African mammal of the family of hyenas. The traditional name of this species on aardwolf Afrikaans means "earth wolf" and reflects his habit live in burrows.

Aardwolf Propagation

Ground wolf found in eastern and southern Africa. Its area is broken rainforests Zambia and Southern Tanzania, where this type is not found. Thus, one population of earth wolf lives in South Africa (South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, Zambia, South and Southwest Mozambique). Another, more northern, population occurs from central Tanzania through northeastern Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, along the coast of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan until the southeastern tip of Egypt. Absent in most parts of Zambia, Tanzania, South and West Africa. There are individual unconfirmed reports of its presence in the CAR and Burundi.

Aardwolf Appearance

Despite the resemblance to the striped hyena, wolf and sizes of earth some characteristics of color and anatomy make it easy to distinguish it from the latter. Aardwolf smaller half of these hyenas: the length of his body just 55-95 cm, tail length - 20-30 cm, height at the shoulders - 45-50 cm Adults weigh from 8 to 14 kg, depending on the seasonal availability of food. Sexual dimorphism in size was observed. Another difference is the presence of hyenas in earthen Wolf 5 (not 4) fingers on the front legs. Build in earthen wolf more fragile than the real hyenas; limb high and quite thin, long neck. Front legs are longer than the rear, but not the back slope expressed as hyenas. Head like a dog, long, narrow snout. Scalp thick, consists of a long rough awns and soft, crimped undercoat. Long hair growing from head to rump, forming a mane, which in case of danger rises on end, causing the earth wolf look bigger. Hair growing on the upper body of earth wolf - the longest among carnivorous mammals from 7 cm to 20 cm nape on the shoulders and 16 cm on the tail. Coat color bright, yellowish-gray to tan, throat and lower part of the body paler grayish-white. Contrasting patterns usually consist of three transverse and 1-2 diagonal black stripes on the sides and a plurality of transverse bands on the legs, which are proximal extremities merge into a solid black field. Tail bushy, black streaks, black tail tip. On the neck sometimes visible black stripes and spots. On the muzzle the hair is short (10-15 mm) and rare, gray, bare end of the muzzle and black. fingers on the front legs - 5, rear - 4, are equipped with powerful claws nevtyazhnymi. Digitigrade gait. Eyes fairly large, the ears are large and pointed. Language wide; saliva released large submandibular gland, like all termitofagov, adhesive. Jaws earth wolf, contrary to some claims, disproportionately strong, with sharp fangs, however, due to the peculiarities of his power molars simplified and widely spaced. Powerful chewing muscles and sharp fangs needed aardwolf for fights with rivals and potential predators. Well developed anal cancer, similar to the structure similar to cancer in striped and spotted hyenas. Females have two pairs of inguinal nipples. Diploid number of chromosomes is 40.

Aardwolf, Aardwolf Reproduction, Food Aardwolf, History of studying Aardwolf
Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf part 2

Maned wolf, Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf part 2

Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf
Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf

Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, food maned wolf, Mating season in maned wolf, and maned wolf legs

Eat maned wolf food both plant and animal origin. Because of the small size and reclusive predators hunt mostly small animals: rodents, armadillos, birds and masonry as well as eat insects. To catch prey in the tall grass wolf uses acute hearing. Approaching close enough, the animal has a paw on the ground, causing the victim to express themselves, then catches her and catches.Weak jaw maned wolf does not allow him to tear and chew food, so she swallowed almost entirely. Animal food diversity bananas, guava, and other roots and tubers of plants.

Mating season in maned wolf

Mating season in maned wolf falls in the period from August to October (in the video above, you can watch their courtship). Lair arranged in natural caves or in the grass, do not dig burrows predators. After two months of pregnancy the female bears 2-3 blind baby. Their legs, unlike adults, short, and grow over time. Long time puppies are fed parents, belching them food.

maned wolf legs

Interestingly, the maned wolf legs, which are comparable in length with legs cheetah, do not allow him to run fast because of the anatomy of the body. The main purpose of such long legs - the ability to survey the neighborhood, while in the high grass. Scientific studies have also shown that this animal can not be called a relative of the wolf or fox. Maned wolf is probably a relict species that survived the extinction of other canine predators Pleistocene period that lived in South America.

Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, food maned wolf, Mating season in maned wolf, and maned wolf legs
Friday, November 29, 2013
Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf part 1

Maned wolf, Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf part 1

Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf
Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, and food maned wolf

Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, food maned wolf, and Maned wolf coat

Maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is very unusual for a wolf appearance, and more like a long-legged fox than a wolf. Body length adult reaches 125-130 cm at the withers animal, thanks to a very long and shapely legs, grows up to 75-85 cm, about 30 cm tail accounts. Weight beast rarely exceeds 22-23 kg.

Maned wolf coat

Maned wolf coat color in color similar to the color of a fox or a wolf mountain. Most of his body is covered with yellow-red hair, tail light, almost white at the tip, the legs, on the contrary, wearing black stockings.Throat has a bright spot, and from the withers to the middle of the back is a black stripe wool which is markedly longer than in other parts of the body. If the animal is scared or aggressive mood, the hair on the back of his neck stand on end, making it more visually maned wolf. Actually, thanks to the lush mane and it got its name.

Distributed maned wolf

Distributed maned wolf on the territory of several countries in South America, namely the southern, southeastern and central Brazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia. In Peru, Uruguay and Argentina, this species is probably extinct, and in other parts of the area the animal is rare. Forests and mountains, this avoids a predator, living mainly in the Pampas - plains covered with high and thick grass and shrub vegetation.
maned wolf are active at night and twilight hours, the same day of rest. Unlike other related species in the pack predators do not go astray. The most that they can afford - that's life as a couple, but even here not without oddities. Male and female hunt and spend the night alone on an area of 25 - 30 m. km, which is marked with droppings and feces.

Maned wolf,  Distributed maned wolf, food maned wolf, and Maned wolf coat
Syrian hamster. Anatomy and Physiology of hamster

Syrian hamster. Anatomy and Physiology of hamster

Syrian hamster. Anatomy and Physiology of hamster
Syrian hamster. Anatomy and Physiology of hamster

Syrian hamster. Anatomy and Physiology of hamster,  Physiological parameters Syrian hamster

Owners need to hamsters and it is important to know the normal weight, body length, body temperature, longevity, maturity period, hamsters. You must learn how to determine the sex of a hamster.

 Physiological parameters Syrian hamsters

  Adult weight  110-200 g
  Birth weight  1.5-2 g
  Length of body  14-18 cm
  Body length of newborn  1.5-2 cm
  Heart rate  300 - 450 b pm.
  The body temperature  37-39 gr C
  Lifespan  2-2.5 years
  Maturity  1.5 months
  Cycle of ovulation in females  4 days
  Incubation of offspring  16-17 days
  Number of pups per litter  4-15
  Lactation in females  25-28 days
  Allowable Quantity birth females  3-4 
  Childbearing age females  from 3 to 12 months.
  Period of good male fertility  from 3 to 14 months.

Cheek pouches

Syrian hamster. Anatomy and Physiology of hamster,  Physiological parameters Syrian hamster

Thursday, November 28, 2013
Chinese hamster, Chinese hamster Common

Chinese hamster, Chinese hamster Common

Chinese hamster, Chinese hamster Common
Chinese hamster, Chinese hamster Common

Chinese hamster, Chinese hamster Common, Young Chinese hamster and dwarf hamster

Chinese hamster (Cricetulus griseus) live in the deserts of southern China and Mongolia. Reach a length of 7-9 cm body has different proportions, as compared to other hamsters, it can be described as "long and thin." Unlike other species of hamsters have a long tail. 
Chinese hamster belongs to the genus of dwarf hamsters (Cricetulus) , but is not considered Upland (Phodopus) , as popular Sungursky , Roborovski and Campbell . Natural "wild" color Chinese hamster gray-brown with a black stripe along the spine, including the tail and a whitish belly. Color, combined with a flexible body and long tail, makes them look like mice - in fact, they belong to the suborder mouse (Myomorpha). Nevertheless, they have a wonderful nature and are easily tamed. 
Young Chinese hamster are very fast, but they grow up and become adults, become calm and gentle nature, which is very good for home detention and communication with man.

Chinese hamster, Chinese hamster Common, Young Chinese hamster and dwarf hamster
Wednesday, November 27, 2013
Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014 part 2

Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014 part 2

Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014
Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014

Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014,  hamster care, hamster cages

big wheel for jogging (diameter 19 - 24 cm), as the hamster creating moving, sitting in one place is bad for his health and spirits. remaining items and toys can be purchased on its own. There is a huge number of various houses, shelters, stairs, walking balls, assorted tubes tunnels, shelves, hanging toys to nibble, sandboxes, toilets and so on. And all this is done to ensure that your pet has been fun to live. For animal is not difficult to do something with their hands, such as comfortable cabin plywood zagonchik or labyrinth walks. CLEANER HOUSING Cleaning should be done every 4-5 days, and wash better with some safe disinfectant, such as baking soda or soap. Bowl and water bowl should be washed every day. Certainly, once a month, you should wash the cage and use items hamster detergent containing bleach, then carefully rinse and dry all. HYGIENE HAMSTER  Syrian hamster - Create a very cleanly. Constantly maintains its fur clean, periodically washing up vtechenii days, especially on waking in the evening. Bathe your hamster can not, and if he accidentally gets dirty, wipe it dry enough gauze or paper handkerchief. Sometimes there are times when you need to wash a hamster, but it should be an exceptional case hopeless. Head watering can not be washed under a gentle stream of warm water, the procedure lasts as quickly as possible to hamster supercooled and not scared, just dry warm hairdryer. During this wash hamster may suffer not only from the cold, but also high levels of stress, so you can give him some soft soothing homeopathic. longhair hamster you need to brush comb teeth with frequent or small brush (for cats). Females and short-massage or a toothbrush. Cleaning wool hamster can sometimes put a sandbox with sand-bathing, bought in a store or conventional, sieved and calcined in a pan or oven.


Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014,  hamster care, hamster cages
Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014 part 1

Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014 part 1

Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014
Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014

Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014, accommodations housing for the hamster

Syrian hamster care is simple, so keep clean hamster does not require much effort and time consuming.accommodations as housing for the hamster can be used: 
1. iron cage with deep removable plastic tray   2. Aquarium of conventional or organic glass
3. plastic container with tubes tunnels. Area housing for Syrian hamsters should be at least 25 × 40 cm cells should be secured, and the aquarium have a minimum height of 30 cm with lid or latch with holes. Lactating females with cubs better be in a glass container, since through the bars of the cage can drop small homyachata. There are special plastic carrying different size, convenient for transportation, which are designed for temporary stay there hamster. LITTER The litter must be of major soft dry sawdust (shavings ), small can badly affect the breathing and clog animal eyes. Litter layer thickness of about 3-4 cm litter should not be used as: cloth, cotton, paper and toilet paper with the dye.  litter can still serve as a special natural wood filler for rodents combined with colorless paper napkins. For long-haired sawdust should be abandoned, and use only the vehicle to avoid exposing hair tangling. Such litter for hamsters conceived, tested and proven over the years 

Syrian hamster, hamster Care and Maintenance 2014, accommodations housing for the hamster
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